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Canberra

Introduction of Canberra

Canberra, Australia's largest inland city with a population of more than 367,000, ranks eighth among all Australian cities. It is located at the northern end of the Australian Capital Territory,280 km and 660 km respectively from Sydney and Melbourne, Australia's east coast.

In 1908, the Australian Federation decided to locate the eclectic capital between Sydney and Melbourne, today's Canberra.. It is one of the few planned cities in Australia and began in 1913. The master plan was designed by American Chicago architect Walter Burley Griffin (Walter Burley Griffin) and Marion Mahoney Griffin (Marion Mahony Griffin). Griffin and his wife's design stood out in the global design competition at that time, combining circular, hexagonal, triangular and other geometric patterns, and made with the topographic characteristics of the capital territory as the main axis. The design of the city is influenced by the garden city movement, abandons the old idea that the park is embellished, and integrates many important areas directly into the natural vegetation, so it enjoys the reputation of "natural capital". However, the development of Canberra was faced with World War I and economic panic at the beginning, with a sharp increase in planning differences and a sharp decline in the speed of urban development. After World War II, at the initiative of Prime Minister Robert Menzies, the National Capital Development Commission was established to coordinate the development of Canberra. Canberra began to flourish as a new capital. The Australian Capital Territory is now an autonomous territory and is responsible for both state-level government and Canberra local government, but some authority is still controlled by the National Capital Bureau of the Federal government.

As the political center of Australia, Canberra has Australia's parliament Building, the Australian High Court and many other government departments and diplomats. It is also home to many national social and cultural institutions, such as the Australian War Memorial, the Australian National University, the Australian Sports Society, the Australian National Art Museum, the Australian National Museum and the Australian National Library. The army headquarters in Australia, as well as the Royal military College and the Australian Defense Academy, the main military educational institutions, are also located in Canberra.

The Canberra population is dominated by civil servants, the unemployment rate and average income are better than the national average, and prices are relatively high, partly due to relatively limited development regulations. Federal government is the largest single employer of Canberra and accounts for the highest share of gross domestic product (GDP). The level of higher education in Canberra is higher and the population structure in China is younger.


Monthly weather averages of Canberra

     
    Jan
    Feb
    Mar
    Apr
    May
    Jun
    Jul
    Aug
    Sep
    Oct
    Nov
    Dec
    AHT
    27℃
    27℃
    24℃
    19℃
    15℃
    12℃
    11℃
    12℃
    16℃
    19℃
    22℃
    26℃
    ALT
    12℃
    12℃
    10℃
    6℃
    3℃
    1℃
    1℃
    2℃
    6℃
    8℃
    11℃


Airport(s) of Canberra

  • Canberra International Airport (Code: CBR)


Visitor centre of Canberra

  • Addr: Canberra and Region Visitors Centre, Regatta Point, Barrine Drive, Parkes ACT 2600
  • Tel: 1300 554 114
Alias:
坎京、堪村、坎贝拉
State:
Australian Capital Territory
Population:
425k (2016)

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